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ST1 starters guide

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Hints and tips for the

FRCR exams

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Free revision notes for the First FRCR Physics exam

Beautiful, organised physics notes

Free First FRCR Mock Anatomy Exams

18 free mock anatomy exams with answers

Normal anatomical variants
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Why partner with us?


  1. Access to an engaged audience of medical professionals, with our core consisting of UK radiology trainees and doctors applying to radiology.

  2. Our free resources are well known and highly regarded throughout the UK radiology community (just ask any radiology trainee).

  3. We have a growing number of users (>100% increase in 2018 vs 2017), a very low homepage bounce rate of 19.5% and long average time spent on page (>5 mins).

  4. We will only partner with brands we think will be relevant to the audience. If you explore our website you will notice there is very little advertising, so your advert will stand out and catch their eye.

  5. We are flexible with where / when your advert will be placed and will work with you to ensure it is in an appropriate position to target the correct audience.


Contact details

If you are interested in partnering with us or sponsoring sections of the website, please contact Dr Christopher Clarke

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Dr Christopher Clarke



Photo of Dr Christopher Clarke


Consultant Abdominal Radiologist at Nottingham University Hospitals and founder of Radiology Café

I am passionate about providing excellent educational resources and exam preparation material for trainees



Dr Clarke is a consultant radiologist at Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust (UK) specialising in gastrointestinal (GI), hepatobiliary (HPB) and emergency imaging.  He is proficient in ultrasound, fluoroscopy, CT and MRI imaging, not only reporting general diagnostic radiology scans and investigations, but sub-specialising in imaging and intervention of the GI tract. His expertise includes proctography, bowel imaging, CT colonography, liver MRI, long-term drains, nephrostomies, central venous access, gastrostomies and oesophageal, duodenal and colonic stenting.

He completed his medical training at the University of Leicester (UK) and clinical radiology training at Nottingham University Hospitals (UK), followed by a one-year fellowship in GI and HPB imaging at Leeds Teaching Hospitals.

He is a fellow of the Royal College of Radiologists (RCR) and on the General Medical Council specialist register.  He is treasurer for the British Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology (BSGAR) and sits as a member of the online editorial board for the European Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology (ESGAR).

He enjoys web development and graphic design, and is keen to help trainees get the most out of clinical radiology training.


Radiology Cafe screenshot as seen on different devices

He founded Radiology Cafe in April 2011 and is currently the lead developer and editor-in-chief.  He works hard to ensure accurate and excellent content throughout the site.  He developed the First FRCR anatomy mock exams, producing 1800 free questions to help radiology trainees.  He is also co-author of FRCR Physics Notes (along with Dr Sarah Abdulla).

In 2018 he founded Radiology Cafe Publishing and published FRCR Physics Notes: Revision notes for the First FRCR Physics exam on Kindle, currently in it's second edition.  He is currently working on a few other projects including a paperback version of the FRCR physics books and mock Rapid Reporting FRCR exams on this website.


Book publications

Cover of Chest X-rays for Medical Students (2nd Edition)


Chest X-rays for Medical Students (2nd Edition)

1st author, 144 pages, published in 2020.  Further information and sample pages. Follow on  .


Cover of Abdominal X-rays for Medical Students


Abdominal X-rays for Medical Students

1st author, 121 pages, published in 2015.  Highly commended at the 2016 BMA Medical Book Awards.  Further information and sample pages.  Follow on  .


FRCR Physics Notes: Medical imaging physics for the First FRCR examination


FRCR Physics Notes: Medical imaging physics for the First FRCR examination (3rd edition)

Co-author, 318 pages, published in 2020.  Further information.  Follow on  .



Alternatively send a message using this contact form

Brand guidelines


We want to make it easy for you to use our brand in the right way so here's some rules when using our logo.

  • Do not alter, rotate or modify the logo.
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  • Do not overemphasize the logo.
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When using Radiology Cafe branding.

  • Never use Radiology Cafe logos or website content as your own.  Please don’t incorporate Radiology Cafe's logos, in whole or in part, in the name of your company, product, service, website, domain name, application, or website.
  • Please name your books and publications something unique, and do not incorporate Radiology Cafe's marks (Radiology Cafe, radiologycafe and Radiology Cafe logo) in the title or cover.
  • We don’t allow others to make, sell, or give away anything with our name or logo on it.


Radiology Cafe Trademark Guidelines

By using the Radiology Cafe trademarks in these Brand Guidelines, you agree to follow these Radiology Cafe Trademark Guidelines (the “Guidelines”) as well as our Terms of Service and all other Radiology Cafe rules and policies.  Radiology Cafe reserves the right to cancel, modify, or change this policy at any time at its sole discretion without notice.

These Guidelines apply to your use of the Radiology Cafe trademarks.  You may use the Radiology Cafe trademarks solely for the purposes expressly authorised by Radiology Cafe.  Strict compliance with these Guidelines is required at all times, and any use of the Radiology Cafe trademarks in violation of these Guidelines will automatically terminate any license related to your use of the Radiology Cafe trademarks.


  1. You may not alter the Radiology Cafe trademarks in any manner, including, but not limited to, changing the proportion, color or shape of the Radiology Cafe trademarks, or adding or removing any elements from the Radiology Cafe trademarks.

  2. The Radiology Cafe trademarks must appear by themselves, with reasonable spacing between each side of the marks and other visual, graphic or textual elements.

  3. The Radiology Cafe trademarks should not be placed in any way that that interferes with the readability or display of the entirety of the Radiology Cafe trademarks.

  4. You may not use the Radiology Cafe trademarks in any manner that implies sponsorship or endorsement by Radiology Cafe without an express written permission and license from Radiology Cafe.

  5. You may not use the Radiology Cafe trademarks to disparage Radiology Cafe, its products or services, or in a manner which, in Radiology Cafe’s sole discretion, may diminish or tarnish Radiology Cafe’s goodwill in the Radiology Cafe trademarks.

  6. You may not use the Radiology Cafe trademarks to refer to any other product or service other than Radiology Cafe.

  1. When creating a product, app, website, or other service that uses or interacts with Radiology Cafe, use a unique name, logo and design that cannot be confused with the Radiology Cafe trademarks.  You should not apply for any trademarks or domains that include the Radiology Cafe trademarks or any other confusingly similar variations.

  2. You must display the following statement in materials that display the Radiology Cafe trademarks: “Radiology Cafe, radiologycafe and the Radiology Cafe logo are trademarks of Radiology Cafe or its affiliates.”

  3. You acknowledge that all rights to the Radiology Cafe trademarks are the exclusive property of Radiology Cafe, and all goodwill generated through your use of the Radiology Cafe trademarks will inure to the sole benefit of Radiology Cafe.  You will not take any action that is in conflict with Radiology Cafe’s rights in, or ownership of, the Radiology Cafe trademarks.

  4. Radiology Cafe reserves the rights, exercisable at its sole discretion, to modify these Guidelines, the Brand Guidelines, and/or the Radiology Cafe trademarks at any time and to take appropriate action against any unauthorized or non conforming use of the Radiology Cafe trademarks.



By using the Radiology Cafe logo, trademarks and resources on this site, you agree to follow the Radiology Cafe Brand Guidelines - as well as our Terms of Service and all other Radiology Cafe rules and policies.

If you have any questions, contact us.

Submit an article to publish on

Help us improve Radiology Cafe

At Radiology Cafe we're always looking for great quality articles and/or blog posts.  If you create something of value there's the potential for it to help thousands of other clinicians and students.  If you have any ideas for content, or want to write something for the site, we would love to hear from you.  It doesn't matter if you're a consultant, trainee, radiographer, student or physicist, we look at and consider everything from anyone.  Some collaborations have been very fruitful, with the FRCR Physics Notes leading to a book publication.

We are ideally looking for articles aimed at one of the following groups:

  1. Junior doctors
  2. Radiology trainees
  3. Medical students
  4. Radiologists

If you're not sure what to write, explore this website.  Maybe there is a topic you can add-to or improve?  Maybe you just have an idea.  Maybe you're not sure what to write, but would like to help somehow.  If this is the case, please contact us as we always have lots of great ideas we need help with.

What about commercial articles, posts or content?

Radiology Cafe is used by radiology trainees, consultants, students and radiographers from all over the world.  Please get in touch via the contact form to see how we can work together and help you.

How do I send you my work or idea?

Please use the form below.

We review everything and do not have any particular guidelines.  Everything you send us will be reviewed and considered.  If we like it, we'll be in touch to discuss the draft, and we give feedback on all submissions, so get in touch now.

Have any questions?  Then contact us.

Submit article here:

Terms of Service

Please read the Terms of Service carefully before using the Radiology Cafe website


Welcome to Radiology Cafe, an online resource, community and revision website for the use of health professionals and medical students.  By using this site, whether as a registered user or non-registered user, you are indicating that you accept these Terms of Service (also called Terms and Conditions / Terms of Use) and agree to abide by them.  Please ensure that you read through them thoroughly and understand them prior to using the Radiology Cafe website.

These Terms of service apply to the use of the services provided by Radiology Cafe.  If you do not agree to be bound by these Terms of Service do not use this website.


Usage of Website

To the extent that our website and the information and services on our website are provided free of charge, we will not be liable for any loss or damage of any nature.  If you use or attempt to use the service for purposes other than personal individual revision, your account will be terminated and you will be subject to damages and other penalties, including criminal prosecution where available.  Examples of prohibited uses include, but are not limited to, copying questions, answers or notes or attempting to tamper, hack, modify or otherwise use the website in any way that is likely to compromise or corrupt the security or functionality of the services provided by Radiology Cafe.

We reserve the right to restrict access to areas of our website, or indeed our whole website, at our discretion; to discontinue or alter any or all of our website services, and to stop publishing our website, at any time at our sole discretion without notice or explanation.  You must not circumvent or bypass, or attempt to circumvent or bypass, any access restriction measures on our website.

Whilst we will endeavour to ensure that the website availability is not interrupted, access may be restricted from time to time to allow for site maintenance or upgrade.  Website availability may also be interrupted due to technical problems.  Again we will always try to resolve these as soon as possible but we cannot accept responsibility for any loss or damages that may result from this.

When registering for an account on Radiology Cafe and choosing a username, please do not choose a username that may infringe trademarks (for example usernames like Google, Amazon, Facebook, and so on).  Radiology Cafe reserves the right to delete or modify a user account at any time.



The Radiology Cafe site is copyright protected and it's content, design, layout, databases or graphics shall not be reproduced, stored in any form or by any means including but not limited to electronic, paper, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or broadcasting.  Unless you own or control the relevant rights in the material, you must not:

  1. republish material from our website (including republication on another website);
  2. sell, rent or sub-license material from our website;
  3. show any material from our website in public;
  4. exploit material from our website for a commercial purpose;
  5. or redistribute material from our website.

You may only use the material available for your own personal non-commercial home use provided that it is not changed and copyright notices remain; Radiology Cafe retains the intellectual property rights on all material from their website.  You shall not create any derivative work or make any other adaptation, without our prior written consent.

If you use or attempt to use the service for purposes other than personal individual non-commercial home use, including but not limited to copying questions, copying answers, copying notes, tampering, hacking, modifying or otherwise corrupting the security or functionality of the service provided by Radiology Cafe, your account will be terminated and you will be subject to damages and other penalties, including criminal prosecution where available.

All rights not explicitly granted in these Terms of service or in any written licence remain reserved.


Use of Radiology Cafe logo and branding

Use of the Radiology Cafe logo and branding are goverened by our Brand Guidelines and Radiology Cafe Trademark Guidelines which can be found on the Radiology Cafe Brand Resources page.


Article Submission Terms & Conditions

These terms and conditions apply to you if you have submitted content to Radiology Cafe via an email address or contact forms.

  1. By submitting an article for publication on Radiology Cafe, you agree that any articles, photos/images and any other content you submit is your original content or properly licensed content that you have the express right and permission to license to us, does not infringe or violate any law, rule or regulation or the rights or intellectual property rights of any person or entity (or encourage anyone else to do so), inaccurate or inflammatory; and is not obscene, defamatory, threatening, pornographic, harassing, hateful, racially or ethnically offensive.
  2. Articles are published on Radiology Cafe at the discretion of the editor.  The editor holds the right to edit any article submitted, to improve readability, and may change the content of it to reflect the needs of the website.  The editor holds the right to change article headings, content and images within the article, without prior notice to the author.
  3. Radiology Cafe retains the right not to publish any content submitted to us, without need for justification or explanation.  We retain the right to use (online or otherwise) content submitted to us after initial publication without notification of the copyright owner.
  4. All authors with published articles will be credited for their work at the top or bottom of the article.
  5. By submitting an article to Radiology Cafe you agree to notify us in writing if you become aware of any claim that the website or any of the contents of the website infringes any copyright, trade mark, or other contractual, statutory or common law rights of any party.
  6. If you violate any of the terms (above), which you agree to by sending content to us via our contact form or email, or we receive an inquiry or complaint about your post, you agree that you are responsible, and you agree to indemnify and hold harmless Radiology Cafe for all resulting claims and liabilities.

Articles published on the Radiology Cafe website may not reflect the views of the Radiology Cafe team.



The price you pay for any chargeable Radiology Cafe services is indicated on the website.  Subscribers are required to make payments in pounds sterling.  If you are paying from a non-UK pound sterling account then your card provider will calculate the exchange rate of your transaction.

Please note that if you wish to cancel any subscription that you have purchased after our contract comes into effect, you may be subject to a cancellation charge.  You hereby agree that due to the nature of the service provided by Radiology Cafe that a refund of your subscription is not permitted once the service has started.

Accounts are personal to the subscriber and for their sole and non-commercial home use.  Passwords and other log on details must not be passed to others.  We have the right to take action if this requirement is not adhered to including, but not limited to, immediate termination of your subscription/user account.  You undertake to us that all the details you give to us while using the website are correct, in particular that the credit or debit card you are using is your own and that there are sufficient funds to cover the cost of the service.


Limitation of liability

Whilst reasonable care is taken to ensure the accuracy of information on this site, to the fullest extent permitted by law the material and information displayed on our website is provided without any guarantees, conditions or warranties as to the correctness, accuracy, reliability, usefulness or otherwise of information provided.  Medical knowledge is constantly evolving and to the fullest extent permitted by law, Radiology Cafe does not accept any responsibility or legal liability for any errors or the misuse or misapplication of material on the website.

Radiology Cafe shall not be liable to users of this site by reason of any representation or any implied warranty, condition or other term, or any duty at common law, or under the express terms of the contract for any loss of profit or any direct or indirect, special or consequential loss, damage, costs, expenses or other claims of any kind (whether caused by the negligence of Radiology Cafe, its servants or agents or otherwise) which arise out of or in connection with the revision notes/questions and other information available on this website except as expressly provided in these conditions.

Radiology Cafe shall not be liable to users or others or be deemed in breach of contract by reason of any delay or failure to perform any of its obligations in relation to the website if this was due to any cause beyond the reasonable control of Radiology Cafe.

In no event shall Radiology Cafe's total liability to any user for all damages, losses, and other causes of action (whether in contract or not) exceed the amount paid to Radiology Cafe for use of this site.  The maximum liability for any claim from a user shall not exceed the current subscription fee which has been paid.

The content on this site is for information only and is not to be taken as individual advice and does not constitute medical advice.  Radiology Cafe cannot provide medical advice by email communication.  It is always advisable to discuss any medical matters with your GP or hospital consultant in the first instance.


Third party links and content

Radiology Cafe occasionally displays links to and content from third-party sources of information (such as The Royal College of Radiologists).  These have their own independent privacy policies and we have no responsibility or liability for their content accuracy.  The inclusion of a link does not imply endorsement or approval of the site or its contents which are independent of Radiology Cafe and over which we have no control.  As such we can accept no responsibility for the contents or any loss or damages that may result from using these external sites.

Radiology Cafe is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to  As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.  Amazon, Kindle and all related logos are trademarks of, Inc. or its affiliates.  Radiology Cafe is not affiliated with or endorsed by The Joomla! Project™ or Open Source Matters.  The Joomla!® name and logo is used under a limited license granted by Open Source Matters the trademark holder in the United States and other countries.


Medical images

All medical images on the site are fully anonymised and use of these images is in accordance with paragraphs 10-12 of the General Medical Council's guidance document entitled Making and using visual and audio recordings of patients.  The mock FRCR exams were created by our team and are all original content designed to be representative of the Royal College of Radiologist's FRCR examination.  The questions are not taken from other sources or re-created from previous FRCR examinations.   We fully adhere to the Royal College of Radiologists' Examinations Misconduct Policy.  The downloading and saving of these images is strictly prohibited.



All personal data collected by Radiology Cafe is governed by our Privacy policy.  By using this site you consent to use of personal data in accordance with the privacy policy.


Law governing Terms of Service

These Terms of service shall be governed and construed exclusively by the laws of England and Wales.  However we retain the right to bring proceedings for a breach of these Terms of service in any relevant country.  These Terms of service do not otherwise affect your statutory rights.



We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to modify or replace these Terms of service at any time.  We will post those changes on this page and update the Terms of service modification date below.  If a revision is material we will try to provide at least 30 days notice prior to any new terms taking effect.  What constitutes a material change will be determined at our sole discretion.

By continuing to access or use our website or services after those revisions become effective, you agree to be bound by the revised terms.  If you do not agree to the new terms, please stop using the website.

This policy was last modified on 23rd February 2020.

If you have any questions about these Terms, please contact us.

News and updates

New updates will be published to Radiology Cafe which could include new website features, teaching resources, interview advice etc.  To make the most of these new developments join 10,000+ others in signing up to receive a summary of the latest updates by email.


Be the first to hear about new additions to Radiology Cafe...

Please note:  Your email address will never be shared with any 3rd parties.  It will only be used for Radiology Cafe communications.

Please note:  Your email address will never be shared with any 3rd parties.  It will only be used for Radiology Cafe communications.  You can stop receiving our emails by following the unsubscribe link at the bottom of every newsletter we send.  Signing up for this newsletter is not the same as creating a Radiology Cafe account (needed to log in to this site).  Read our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy for more details.


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Privacy policy

This privacy policy explains how we use any personal information we collect about you when you use the Radiology Cafe website. Your privacy is of the utmost importance to us.

This page describes our privacy policy.  Our Terms of Service can be found here.



What information do we collect about you?

We collect information about you when you register (create an account) with us or order products or services.  We also collect information when you voluntarily complete our surveys, provide feedback and participate in competitions.  Website usage information is collected using cookies.

When you sign up or create an account you will be asked to enter your name, email address, and create a username and password.  These details will be used for logging in, account activation, resetting your password and receiving emails from us.  We use cookies on the site to keep you logged in.  You can delete your account at any time by sending us a message at the contact us page.  Requests for deletion are usually dealt with within 48 hours, however they may take slightly longer (e.g. if we're on holiday!).


How will we use the information about you?

We collect information about you to manage your account, inform you of important website updates and changes and, if you agree, to email you about other features and services we think may be of interest to you.

We use your information collected from the website to personalise your repeat visits to our website.  Radiology Cafe will not share your personal information for marketing purposes with other companies.

In processing your order, we may send your details to, and also use information from credit reference agencies and fraud prevention agencies.


Email policy

We have a policy of limiting e-mail communication to a minimum, but reserve the right to send a subscriber an e-mail under the following circumstances:

  • Welcoming new subscribers
  • Logging in
  • Resetting or changing your password
  • Responding to important account-related matters or any feedback / question / support emails you send us
  • Informing users about security updates or recommendations
  • Informing users about updates and changes relevent to the content they subscribed to

If you create a Radiology Cafe user account you will receive updates and changes relevent to the content you subscribed to.

You have a right at any time to stop us from contacting you for marketing purposes.  You can stop receiving our promotional emails by following the unsubscribe instructions included in every email or contacting us directly.

If you signed up for our email newsletter, then your email address will not be shared with any 3rd parties.  It will only be used for Radiology Cafe communications.  You can stop receiving our promotional emails by following the unsubscribe instructions included in every email or contacting us directly.

If Radiology Cafe believes that your use of the site is unlawful or damaging to other users, we reserve the right to disclose the information obtained about you to the extent that it is reasonably necessary in our opinion to remedy the situation and prevent such conduct continuing.


Access to your information and correction

You have the right to request a copy of the information that we hold about you.  If you would like a copy of some or all of your personal information, please email or write to us at the following address.  We may make a small charge for this service.

We want to make sure that your personal information is accurate and up to date.  You may ask us to correct or remove information you think is inaccurate.



All pages are served over HTTPS.  Your user password cannot be accessed by the Radiology Cafe team (although we could ask you to reset it when you next log in).

We have implemented reCAPTCHA v2 and reCAPTCHA v3 on our site to reduce spam and our use of reCAPTCHA v2 and reCAPTCHA v3 is subject to the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.



Cookies are text files placed on your computer to collect standard internet log information and visitor behaviour information.  This information is used to track visitor use of the website and to compile statistical reports on website activity.

For further information visit

You can set your browser not to accept cookies and the above websites tell you how to remove cookies from your browser.  However in a few cases some of our website features may not function as a result.

We use cookies to assist with social media sharing (such as Facebook like buttons) and also ‘analytical’ cookies.  Analytical cookies allow us to recognise and count the number of visitors and to see how visitors move around the site when they’re using it.  This helps us to improve the way our website works, for example by making sure users are finding what they need easily.


Google Analytics

Radiology Cafe uses Google Analytics.  This is a piece of software that anonymously grabs data about website visitors (you).  It can record what website you came from to get here, how long you stayed for, what kind of computer you’re using and quite a bit more.  The tracking information allows us to better understand the kind of people who come to the site and what content they’re reading.  This allows us to make better decisions about design and writing.

We may share anonymous aggregate statistics with outside parties, such as how many users access our services.  In the future, we may sell to, buy, merge with, or partner with other businesses.  In such transactions, user information may be among the transferred assets.  No personally identifying data is included in this type of reporting.

Anonymized IP address may be stored and used to help gather broad demographic information about you for statistical purposes.  We may also use your IP address in helping to diagnose problems with our server.  Your IP address may also be used to assist in the detection of fraud and we may pass this information to the police.

Want to opt out of tracking?  You can opt out of Google’s advertising tracking cookie or use a browser plugin to opt out of all Google Analytics tracking software.


Other websites

Our website contains links to other websites.  This privacy policy only applies to this website so when you link to other websites you should read their own privacy policies.


Changes to our privacy policy

We keep our privacy policy under regular review and we will place any updates on this web page.  This privacy policy was last updated on 18th March 2019.


How to contact us

If you have any questions regarding this privacy policy or information we hold about you, please contact us via the following:

  • Using the contact us form
  • By This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Writing to us at: Radiology Cafe, 94 Marlborough Road, Beeston, Nottingham NG9 2HL

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Abdominal X-ray Revision for Finals Feedback (9.2.21)

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Radiology cafe square logo

Radiology Cafe's mission is to support applicants to clinical radiology training and provide the best educational resources and exam preparation material for radiology trainees


What is Radiology Cafe?

Radiology Cafe is a website providing junior doctors invaluable advice on applying to clinical radiology and supports radiology trainees with revision resources and mock exams.

There's detailed in-depth information about the radiology application process including example interview questions, latest competition ratios, advice on improving your CV and portfolio, and information on what it's like working as a radiologist.

For radiology trainees we provide guidance for the FRCR exams including revision notes, mock exams and up-to date lists of all courses.  We also have teaching resources for medical students.


How do we work?

We look at what doctors and students need help with and we try and help them.  That's why we created free mock FRCR Part 1 anatomy exams and FRCR Physics notes.  We're always looking to see what else we can add to Radiology Cafe to help trainees and applicants to radiology.  We have some fantastic contributors and only publish content which has been peer reviewed and meets our high standards.


UK excellence, global reach

Radiology Cafe users from around the world

Source: Google Analytics


Our educational resources are world class and we reach students, doctors and trainees not just within the UK, but throughout the world.  Here's some of our user statistics.

 16,895  cities

225  countries


Meet the team

Christopher Clarke


Founder, Editor and Developer of Radiology Cafe

Christopher Clarke

Dr Christopher Clarke is a Consultant Radiologist at Nottingham University Hospitals in the UK and founded Radiology Cafe in 2011.  He is the editor of the First FRCR anatomy mock exams and editor-in-chief of Radiology Cafe, ensuring accurate and excellent content throughout the site.  He is the author of Chest X-rays for Medical Students (1ed 2011, 2ed 2020), Abdominal X-rays for Medical Students (2015), which was highly commended at the 2016 BMA Medical Book Awards, and FRCR Physics Notes (1ed 2018, 2ed 2019, 3ed 2020) books.  He enjoys web development and graphic design, and is keen to help trainees get the most out of clinical radiology training.


Sarah Abdulla


FRCR Physics Notes Editor

Sarah Abdulla

Dr Sarah Abdulla is a Consultant Neuroradiologist at Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust (UK) and editor of the FRCR physics notes at Radiology Cafe and author of FRCR Physics Notes (1ed 2018. 2ed 2019, 3ed 2020) book. Sarah attended medical school in Cambridge and undertook a Neuroradiology Fellowship at the University of Toronto.


Melisa Sia


Radiology Basics Editor

Meilsa Sia

Editor of Radiology Basics at Radiology Cafe, Melisa graduated from Leicester Medical School in 2014. She is a radiology registrar at Norwich Radiology Academy (UK).


Article contributors

Ebrahim Palkhi

MBChB BSC (Hons)

Ebrahim Palkhi


Rachel Hubbard


Rachel Hubbard


Smeer Aggarwal


Smeer Aggarwal


Anne-Marie Taylor

MBBS BSc (Hons)

Anne-Marie Taylor


Krit Dwivedi

BMBS BMedSci (Hons)

Krit Dwivedi


Amir Helmy


Amir Helmy


Josephine Weaver


Josephine Weaver


Calum Worsley

MB BChir

Calum Worsley




Blog contributors

Kirsty Wood
James Sutton
Andrew Koo
Michael Larson
Emily King
Mohammed Noaman
Abbas Palkhi
Omar Abdel-Hadi
Ashraf Abbas
Senali Perera
Almuzamel Khair
Margarita Lymbouris


Special thanks

Many thanks to the plain film radiographers at St James's University Hospital in Leeds for helping us take some awesome arty x-rays.  Thanks to the radiographers at Nottingham University Hospitals for helping to scan a Kinder Egg and a massive thanks to anyone else not mentioned who has helped contribute to Radiology Cafe.


  We're looking for keen individuals to help add content and join our team! If you would like to learn more, please get in touch.

Dr Christopher Clarke
Founder, Radiology Cafe


When did Radiology Cafe start?

The idea for Radiology Cafe began early in 2011 to provide a portal for students and junior doctors to learn more about the specialty.  Within a few months the website was live and since then it has evolved over many years and helped numerous doctors with their applications to radiology training.  Radiology Cafe will continue to develop and grow as new material is added all the time.  Watch this space!


How is the site structured?

Interview & Application

Aimed at helping junior doctors applying for ST1 Clinical Radiology training posts.  There is useful information on the application and interview process, competition ratios, improving CVs and portfolios and what its like working as a radiologist.  There is also information for medical students on what is a radiologist as well as advice on how to improve their CV whilst at medical school.


Useful tips and advice for the FRCR exams, free mock anatomy exams, physics revision notes, list of FRCR revision courses, links to great resources and books and gallery of normal anatomical variants.

Radiology trainees

Aimed at radiology registrars in training.  A starters guide for new ST1 trainees, money saving tips, links to radiological societies and dedicated advice for consultant job preparation.

Junior doctors & students

Aimed at juniors and medical students.  Recommended books, revision resources and Radiology Basics, a free e-learning resource teaching the basics of CT, MRI and Ultrasound.


Information and links to upcoming radiological events, courses, conferences and meetings including an up-to-date list of all revision courses for the FRCR exams.


Posts on all sort of radiology training topics and latest website updates.


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